American Hardwood Information Center

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Elm

Ulmus rubra

DISTRIBUTION
Eastern to Midwest U.S.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Red elm has a grayish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in color. The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked, and has a coarse texture.

WORKING PROPERTIES
The wood of red elm is fairly easy to work. It nails, screws, and glues well, and can be sanded and stained to a good finish. It dries well with minimum degrade and little movement in performance.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.

AVAILABILITY
Available.

MAIN USES
Furniture, cabinet making, flooring, millwork, paneling, and caskets.



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